2009-2010 Evaluation of Preventative Fungicide Applications For the Control of Gray Snow Mold on An Annual Bluegrass/Kentucky Bluegrass Fairway

Publication Date: 
05/24/2010

Objective

The purpose of this trial was to evaluate a single preventative application of various fungicides for the control of gray snow mold on a golf course fairway.

Materials and Methods

The trial was initiated on October 23rd (after the last mowing) on the 11th fairway of the Meadows Golf Course (4,160 feet elevation) located in the Sun River Resort in Sun River, Oregon, 15 miles south of Bend.

The individual plots consisted of a mix of Kentucky bluegrass and annual bluegrass with small amounts of perennial ryegrass which had been over seeded. The plots measured 30 square feet (6′ x 5′) with a one foot buffer between each plot. The products were applied with a CO2-powered wheeled sprayer equipped with Tee Jet 80015 nozzles and sprayed at 30 psi producing a total spray volume of two gallons per 1,000 square feet applying a 5-foot wide swath. Walking speed was calibrated using a Korg MA-30 metronome.

Percent disease and plot quality ratings were taken on March 9, 2010 (13 days after snow melt) and then again on April 7th. Permanent snow covered the plots for 80 days: from November 25th until January 12th and then again from January 22nd until February 24th. Data was subjected to analysis of variance using a randomized complete block design with 4 replications. Differences between means were separated by Fisher’s Protected LSD at the 5% level.

The treatments applied are listed below:

TrtTreatmentsRates
1Untreated Checkna
7Interface* + Triton FLO4.0 + 0.85
8Interface + Triton FLO5.0 + 0.85
9Interface + Triton FLO6.0 + 0.85
10Interface + Turfcide 400F4.0 + 8.0
11Reserve** + Compass4.5 + 0.20
12Reserve + Compass4.5 + 0.25
13Reserve + Compass5.4 + 0.25
14Tartan + Daconil2.0 + 5.0
15Instrata9.3
16Instrata11
17QP TM/C + IPRO 2 SE + Propiconazole6.0 + 4.0 + 2.0
18QP TM/C + IPRO 2 SE + Myclobutanil6.0 + 4.0 + 2.4
19QP Chloro 720 + IPRO 2 SE + Propiconazole5.5 + 4.0 + 2.0
20QP Chloro 720 + IPRO 2 SE + Myclobutanil5.5 + 4.0 + 2.4
21Penstar FLO12
2226GT + Daconil4.0 + 5.0
23Penstar FLO + 26GT + Daconil8.0 + 4.0 + 5.0
24Banner + 26GT + Daconil2.0 + 4.0 + 5.0

* Interface is 2.14 lbs iprodione and 0.13 lbs of Compass per gallon + StressGardTM
** Reserve is triticonazole + chlorothalanil + StressGardTM

Results - Percent Disease

The disease pressure was light. On March 9, 2010, the untreated plots and Penstar FLO (12 oz/1,000) averaged 9% and 2% disease cover, respectively. All other treatments provided 100% control. By April 7, 2010, the disease cover had decreased for the above treatments to 0.9 % and 0%, respectively.

Results - Turf Quality (1 – 9; 9 = highest quality)

All of the treatments in this trial had acceptable turf quality. Even though the untreated plots had some disease on March 9th and rated 3 on that date, by April 7th, the disease was nearly gone and the plots had recovered to a rating above 5 and the course had not yet opened to play.

When evaluating these treatments, it is important to understand that this site had a mixed stand of annual bluegrass, Kentucky bluegrass, and perennial ryegrass. To some degree, the plot quality was determined by the grass composition in each plot as Kentucky bluegrass generally looked much healthier than annual bluegrass and much of the perennial ryegrass appeared to have white tip burn from cold injury which detracted from plot quality. Although the treatments were randomly assigned to the plots, with only 4 replications, a couple of plots with high amounts of annual bluegrass or perennial ryegrass could lower a particular treatment’s average rating significantly. Additionally, plots 68 through 77 had a higher percentage of Kentucky bluegrass than any of the other plots, and as a result, these plots generally scored higher than similar treated plots located elsewhere in the trial. These plots had the following treatments applied to them:

Plot #Trt # Plot #Trt #
6821 738
695 742
7012 7511
713 7614
7210 777

Our only advice is to look at the photos carefully and make your own rating adjustments if you deem them necessary.

On March 9th, 13 days after the snow cleared, seven treatments rated above 6.0 in turf quality. All of these treatments included StressGard, a blue-green pigment that darkens the turf. In fact, treatments 7, 8, & 9 included Interface and Triton FLO which both have StressGard in them, in essence, applying a double rate of the pigment. Interestingly, by April 7th, the darkening effects of the StressGard were wearing off as the turf quality ratings on those plots generally decreased one half to a whole point in color.

There were four generic treatment combinations applied in this trial: treatments 17 through 20. Two of the treatments included propiconazole (17 & 19), and two included myclobutanil (18 & 20). Additionally, two treatments included QP TM/C (thiophanate methyl + chlorothalanil) (17 & 18) and two treatments included QP Chloro 720 (chlorothalanil only) (19 & 20). All four treatments included IPRO 2 SE (iprodione). The following table lays out these combinations:

ProductsPropiconazole (2.0 liq. oz/1,000)Myclobutanil (2.4 liq. oz/1,000)
QP TM/C (6.0 Wt oz/1,000)Trt 17Trt 18
QP Chloro 720 (5.5 Liq. oz/1,000)Trt 19Trt 20

** Note: All 4 treatments included IPRO 2 SE at 4.0 ounces per 1,000 sq. ft.

Generally, the two treatments with propiconazole performed better than those with myclobutanil. The plot quality for the two treatments with propiconazole was not significantly different than Instrata applied at 9.3 or 11.0 ounces (Trt 15 & 16), Penstar FLO applied at 12 ounces (Trt 21), and 26GT + Daconil Ultrex applied at 4.0 and 5.0 ounces, respectively (Trt 22). Additionally, the plot quality for the two treatments with propiconazole was not significantly different than the two 3-way mixes (Trt 23 & 24) of Penstar FLO + 26GT + Daconil Ultrex (8.0, 4.0, and 5.0 ounces), and Banner Maxx + 26GT + Daconil Ultrex (2.0, 4.0, 5.0 ounces). It is important to note that the chlorothalanil rate for treatment 19 was 1.5 times higher than the rate for treatment 24, which may account for the slightly improved turf quality.

Comparing plots treated with mixes including QP TM/C vs. QP Chloro 720 show that plots treated with QP TM/C rated slightly higher (but not statistically different) on April 7th than plots treated with QP Chloro 720. However, these treatments were essentially the same on March 9th.

Treatment 20 [QP Chloro 720 (5.5 oz/M) + IPRO 2 SE (4.0 oz/M) + Myclobutanil (2.4 oz/M)] rated only 4.1 on March 9th and was significantly worse than treatments 17, 18, and 19. However, by April 7th, treatment 20 rated 5.1 and was not significantly different than treatments 17, 18, or 19. This result may indicate that the combination of QP Chloro 720 plus Myclobutanil is the weakest of these combinations on gray snow mold.

Photo gallery: http://groups.hort.oregonstate.edu/content/2009-2010-gray-snow-mold-tria...

Table 1: Turf Quality

Trt #TreatmentRates3/9/2010 Quality Average4/7/2010 Quality Average
1Untreated Checkna35.4
7Interface + Triton FLO4.0 + 0.856.86.4
8Interface + Triton FLO5.0 + 0.8576.5
9Interface + Triton FLO6.0 + 0.856.86.3
10Interface + Turfcide 400F4.0 + 8.06.87
11Reserve + Compass4.5 + 0.206.16.3
12Reserve + Compass4.5 + 0.256.55.9
13Reserve + Compass5.4 + 0.256.35.8
14Tartan + Daconil2.0 + 5.05.96.3
15Instrata9.355
16Instrata1154.9
17QP TM/C + IPRO 2 SE + Propiconazole6.0 + 4.0 + 2.04.95.8
18QP TM/C + IPRO 2 SE + Myclobutanil6.0 + 4.0 + 2.44.55
19QP Chloro 720 + IPRO 2 SE + Propiconazole5.5 + 4.0 + 2.055.3
20QP Chloro 720 + IPRO 2 SE + Myclobutanil5.5 + 4.0 + 2.44.15.1
21Penstar FLO124.86
2226GT + Daconil4.0 + 5.05.55.1
23Penstar FLO + 26GT + Daconil Ultrex8.0 + 4.0 + 5.04.45.8
24Banner Maxx + 26GT + Daconil Ultrex2.0 + 4.0 + 5.04.54.9
  LSD @ .05*0.70.9

 * Note: If the difference between two treatment ratings on the same date is larger than the LSD value on that date, then the treatments are statistically different. For example Treatment 8 and Treatment 11 rated 7.0 and 6.1, respectively, on March 9th. Since 7.0 – 6.1 = 0.9 and is greater than the LSD Value (0.7), the Treatments are statistically different. But Treatment 8 is not statistically different than Treatment 13 on the same date since 7.0 – 6.3 = 0.7 is not greater than the LSD (0.7).

Table 2: Percent Disease

Trt #TreatmentRates3/9/2010 Percent Disease4/7/2010 Percent Disease
1Untreated Checkna9.30.9
7Interface + Triton FLO4.0 + 0.8500
8Interface + Triton FLO5.0 + 0.8500
9Interface + Triton FLO6.0 + 0.8500
10Interface + Turfcide 400F4.0 + 8.000
11Reserve + Compass4.5 + 0.2000
12Reserve + Compass4.5 + 0.2500
13Reserve + Compass5.4 + 0.2500
14Tartan + Daconil2.0 + 5.000
15Instrata9.300
16Instrata1100
17QP TM/C + IPRO 2 SE + Propiconazole6.0 + 4.0 + 2.000
18QP TM/C + IPRO 2 SE + Myclobutanil6.0 + 4.0 + 2.400
19QP Chloro 720 + IPRO 2 SE + Propiconazole5.5 + 4.0 + 2.000
20QP Chloro 720 + IPRO 2 SE + Myclobutanil5.5 + 4.0 + 2.400
21Penstar FLO1220
2226GT + Daconil4.0 + 5.000
23Penstar FLO + 26GT + Daconil Ultrex8.0 + 4.0 + 5.000
24Banner Maxx + 26GT + Daconil Ultrex2.0 + 4.0 + 5.000
  LSD @ .051.40.2