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Tree Fruits and Nuts News
Consumption and production in both the US and Australia is said to be in decline.
Visiting American academic, Dr Todd Einhorn is a Pomologist with Oregon State University and says new varieties of pear are the key to attracting new consumers.
"The data I am familiar with is 70% of the US consumers will not purchase pears."
Jeff Olsen, Professor and Extension Orchard Crops Specialist based in Yamhill County, passed away on Friday, January 31, 2014. Details about his funeral and memorial are pending.
As some of the newest options on the market, the Russian-developed Krymsk rootstocks have created a buzz with fruit growers looking to better regulate production.cherries_square
For cherry producers, Krymsk 5 and Krymsk 6 offer promising alternatives to achieve ideal output and quality, explained Oregon State University Extension professor Lynn Long.
Cherry Fruit Fly models developed by Oregon State University indicate that the cherry fruit fly emerged in The Dalles Wednesday, May 15. According to Lynn Long, Oregon State University Extension Agent, the emergence of the fly signals the beginning of the very important control program against this insect, which is the sweet cherry industry’s chief insect pest.
#The entire cherry growing area, including the cities of The Dalles, Mosier and Dufur, is within a cherry fruit fly control district and all homeowners with a backyard cherry tree, as well as commercial orchardists, are required by law to begin a control program. The regulations of the district will be administered by Merle Keys of the Wasco County Weed and Pest Department.
Although Oregon is known for many exports — from timber to hipster irony — few people are aware that it's actually the country's leading source of hazelnuts.
Growers estimate that 99 percent of the United States' crop comes from Oregon's Willamette Valley. Just a few years ago, the industry was on the verge of collapse due to a disease called Eastern filbert blight. Now, years of research have brought blight-resistant breeds to fruition.
From Oregon State University's renowned hazelnut-breeding program, here's the latest scoop: Welcome Wepster, a new, high-yielding, blight-resistant hazelnut tree bred to fulfill the wishes of the chocolate industry.
In a competitive marketplace where bigger usually is better, Wepster is being hailed for its petite nut — a suitable trait for some of the world's most famous chocolatiers with persnickety specs. Indeed, to fit into their precisely engineered candy-making processes (think tender, little morsel centered in a Ferrero Rocher chocolate truffle), only hazelnuts with a diameter of 11 to 13 millimeters will do.
Professor Shawn Mehlenbacher was presented the award for his contributions to hazelnut genetics and cultivar development.
Choosing a proper site for a hazelnut orchard is the most important step a grower can take in establishing a successful operation, according to an Oregon State University extension agent.
"Pick the best site, because it's hard to turn a poor site into a productive orchard," said Jeff Olsen, orchard crops extension agent for the north Willamette Valley.
Oregon State University professor David Sugar is working with University of California-Davis scientists on enhancing the flavors of pears by stimulating ripening.
The result could be better pears earlier.
Sugar has found that subjecting pears to ethylene treatment and then storing them at 50 degrees Fahrenheit for three or four days "really brings out the aromas," he said.
Eastern filbert blight is an aggressive, deadly fungus, and the bare, dead branches jutting from the top of Ben Mitchell's older hazelnut trees is its calling card.
Orchardists such as Mitchell could only hope to hold it off by amputating diseased limbs and applying clouds of fungicide. Just a few years ago, it looked like one of the state's signature niche crops would disappear. Oregon produces 99 percent of U.S. hazelnuts, roughly 37,000 tons a year, and a $40 million annual harvest was slipping away.
Oregon State University has announced the upcoming release of a new commercial hazelnut variety resistant to Eastern filbert blight.
Dr. Anita Azarenko, chair of Oregon State University’s Department of Horticulture, received the Columbia Gorge Fruit Growers’ Cooperator of the Year award during a recent sweet cherry research symposium held at The Dalles, Oregon.