News and Events

Publications

January 10, 2016

This handout summarizes the results from clubroot resistant brassica (cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, Napa cabbage, etc) variety trials conducted in 2015-16 on farms in the Willamette Valley of Oregon as well as in greenhouse screening trials.

December 31, 2001

The goal of the project was to verify the results obtained in 2000 field trials and to evaluate other fungicides for their effectiveness in controlling Bean Gray Mold (Botrytis cinerea) and Bean White Mold (Sclerotinia Sclerotiolum) using Ronilan as an industry standard.

December 31, 2000

Objectives:

  • Characterize su sweet corn hybrids for reaction to root/crown rot.

Cooperators:

  • M. Powelson, Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University
  • C. Ocamb, Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University

Johnson, K.B. and F. Morton, 2009. Keys to Disease Management in Organic Seed Crops. eOrganic article. Available at http://www.extension.org/article/18332.

Bertha Armyworm can damage cabbage and broccoli crops in the Willamette Valley. This page provides some basic information about the pest and discusses management and controls methods. Detailed scouting and monitoring techniques are provided as well as a risk assessment for spray decisions.

February 1, 1985

Fertilizer trials with overwinter onions at the North Willamette Station have shown a strong onion yield response to application of lime and gypsum and, in one experiment, a higher yield with ammonium sulfate rather than ammonium nitrate as N source. The yield response to gypsum and ammonium sulfate indicates that when soil pH, P, K, and N are optimal, S may be the element most limiting to onion bulb development. The following trial was designed to investigate the effects of lime, gypsum, and form of N on spring-seeded onions.

Methods

 For information on potato production click the following link, Oregon Potato Information Exchange.

August 12, 2013

The following is a method for cheaply and quickly determining a soil’s nitrate status for the purpose of determining the midseason sidedress fertilizer rate for sweet corn. For information on the pre-sidedress nitrate test (PSNT), see OSU’s nutrient management guide EM 9010-E (Sweet Corn- Western Oregon). The ‘Quick Test’ (QT) has been in use for years in the Salinas Valley of California with good results. Compared to a traditional laboratory test, it is cheaper and test results can be obtained within hours of sample collection. Although this method is semi-quantitative, results from the QT are well correlated with laboratory results.

January 6, 2016

Urea is a common nitrogen fertilizer for sweet corn production. This two year project evaluated commercially available urea additives for their potential to provide crop production and environmental benefits. Specifically, experiments were designed to evaluate the efficacy of urea fertilizer products containing a urease inhibitor (Agrotain Ultra), or nitrification inhibitors, or a polymer coated urea product (ESN). Products containing nitrification inhibitors (SuperU and Instinct) were evaluated only in 2014, and found to have efficacy similar to ESN in slowing conversion of urea to leachable nitrate-N. The control treatment in all studies was granular urea without additives.

December 31, 2016

Experiments in Corvallis, OR and Pasco, WA evaluated the potential of bicyclopyrone, tolpyralate, halosulfuron and EPTC for weed control in carrots. Bicyclopyrone and tolpyralate significantly reduced plant stand, injured carrots, and reduced yield at all three rates. Only bicyclopyrone at 0.875 oz/A and tolpyralate at 1 oz/A provided yield within range of linuron, prometryn, and EPTC treatments. The prometryn treatment yielded the most carrots, followed closely by linuron and EPTC. Halosulfuron killed all carrots. Weed control with bicyclopyrone and tolpyralate was similar when comparing within treatments with equal carrot injury. A possible exception was that tolpyralate may have controlled crabgrass better than bicyclopyrone. Prometryn control of hairy nightshade lasted longer than linuron.

December 31, 2014

Report to the Oregon Processed Vegetable CommissionOregon is the second largest producer of processed green beans, and cultivars are needed that are adapted to western Oregon. The types that have traditionally been used are the bush blue lake (BBL) green beans with high yields, excellent processing quality. On the other hand, then need improvement in plant architecture, disease resistance (especially to white mold), and are genetically isolated from other green beans. The primary objective of the OSU green bean breeding program is to develop high yielding and high quality BBL green beans with high levels of white mold resistance.

January 6, 2016

The resistance to white mold obtained so far in snap beans has been derived from NY 6020, which provides partial physiological resistance. Under light disease pressure, plants will show few if any symptoms, while under heavy pressure, the plants may show a moderate level of infection (whereas susceptible BBL types will be 100% molded). Cultivars with this form of resistance would not need any supplemental control with fungicides, whereas under heavy pressure, fungicides might be required, but at a reduced frequency or quantity. The objective of this study was to determine whether OR6771 would benefit from an integrated mold control approach that included fungicides typically used in snap production, Topsin M and Rovral tankmixed.

December 31, 2016

This year, we commemorate 20 years of OSU’s VegNet (1996-2016). VegNet has become a well-known and utilized resource for processed vegetable growers, researchers, and Ag professionals throughout Oregon. This regional program provides weekly activity reports for common broccoli, cauliflower, sweet corn, and snap bean pests. The main goal of the program is to serve as an early warning and detection network, to inform growers of potential pest outbreaks that may warrant increased field scouting and action. Notable trends from 2016 include extensive Cabbage Looper pressure, a continued increase of Cucumber Beetle species (12-spot and striped), and new Armyworms to be aware of. It is becoming apparent that pest activity can vary widely between field sites. Although the regional average is useful, it should not be the only metric used when considering if and how to treat for pests.

March 14, 2014

Current snap bean phosphorus (P) fertilizer recommendations for Oregon are higher than those given in other extension publications across the US. Despite the scale and importance of snap bean production in Oregon, little attention has been paid to the phosphorus (P) utilization of this crop over the past 30 years in the Willamette Valley.Due to changes in production practices, the increase in the price of P fertilizers, trends towards greater sustainability, and soil test P (STP) values commonly greater than 50 ppm Bray (the level at which a crop response to P fertilizer is unlikely), there is interest in revisiting the current recommendations to better balance P inputs/outputs.

December 31, 2014

The overall objective of this multi-year project is to maximize nutrient use efficiency without compromising bean yield and quality. This year’s project objectives were to: 1) evaluate crop response to P fertilizer at current soil P test levels in grower fields; 2) generate phosphorus (P) potassium (K), and nitrogen (N) nutrient budgets (fertilizer inputs vs. harvest removal); and 3) evaluate relationships among bean root rot disease, plant P uptake, biomass allocation (pods vs. leaves).

December 31, 2014

Despite the availability of several herbicides in table beets, weed control is still problematic. UpBeet (triflusulfuron; DuPont) was recently labeled, but the labeled timings and rate are inadequate for optimum weed control, particularly for lambsquarters. An experiment was placed at the OSU Vegetable Research Farm to determine the tolerance of 2-leaf table beets to UpBeet when applied at double the currently labeled rate of 0.5 oz/A, and to beets at the cotyledon stage at 0.5 oz/A.

January 6, 2016

In recent years, several new powdered limestone products that are more finely ground (smaller particle size distribution) than products historically used have become commercially available. A major factor that influences the effectiveness of a liming material is its particle size distribution, with smaller particles reacting more quickly. Because lime efficiency estimates for various particle size fractions were established in the 1950’s, there is a need to evaluate current guidelines to determine if they adequately predict liming efficiency for these new products. The objective of this study was to assess the reactivity of commercially available powdered lime products (both calcitic and dolomitic) and various particle size fractions over a year with the goal of evaluating current OSU lime guidelines.

December 31, 2016

Several new powdered limestone products that are more finely ground (smaller particle size distribution) than products historically used have become commercially available. A major factor influencing the effectiveness of a liming material is its particle size distribution, with smaller particles reacting more quickly. Because lime efficiency estimates for various particle size fractions were established in the 1950’s, there is a need to evaluate current guidelines to determine if they adequately predict liming efficiency for these new products. The objective of this study was to assess the reactivity of commercially available powdered lime products (both calcitic and dolomitic) and various particle size fractions over a year with the goal of evaluating current OSU lime guidelines.

January 1, 1978

In 1978 a survey was done in the Willamette Valley to explore the relationship between soil nutrient values and tissue nutrient concentrations.

January 6, 2016

The overall objective of this three-year project was to provide farmers with updated fertilizer recommendations for snap beans. The goal was to maximize nutrient use efficiency without compromising bean yield and quality. This was accomplished by partnering with commercial bean growers to conduct on-farm research as well as conducting trials at OSU’s Vegetable Research Farm.

December 31, 2016

The market for organic vegetables is increasing. As conventional farmers transition fields to organics to meet this demand, there is a need for better organic nutrient management guidance, especially for nitrogen (N). Organic N management is more challenging than conventional N management due to a higher level of uncertainty surrounding the N supplying capacity of an organically managed soil as well as the constraints of organic fertilizers (supply, application timing and placement, and uncertainty of release rate and amount). As a result, conventional nutrient management strategies may not be appropriate for organically managed systems. With organic N management there is often a higher risk of excessive nitrate-N loss and higher risk of not achieving economic yield targets.

January 6, 2016

Oregon State University’s VegNet is a regional pest monitoring program that provides activity reports for 10 common insect pests that affect broccoli, cabbage, cauliflower, sweet corn, and snap beans. Crop pests are sampled weekly and raw data is compared to activity trends from previous years. Regional pest monitoring helps growers and agricultural field representatives adjust their scouting effort when an outbreak is detected, and the combination of area-wide monitoring plus field-specific scouting reduces risk of crop loss. Reports are available on www.oregonvegetables.com, and sent via an email newsletter that currently serves over 400 subscribers. In 2015, increases in pest pressure were noted for black cutworm, spotted cucumber beetle, cabbage white butterfly, bertha armyworm, and diamondback moth.

July 21, 2014

Clubroot is an increasing problem on Willamette Valley vegetable farms. Most cultivated brassica crops (broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, etc.) are highly susceptible to the disease, which is caused by the soilborne fungus Plasmodiophora brassicae. In severe cases it can cause significant crop losses, and heavily infested fields may be taken out of production. Once a field is infected, eliminating the pathogen is difficult if not impossible because its thick walled resting spores have been shown to remain viable in soil for up to 20 years (although half die within 4 years). As a result, once pathogen populations have developed to economically damaging levels, the goal is to manage rather than eradicate the disease. Our research is focused on finding effective and economic control measures.

January 6, 2016

This project is evaluating interseeding of crop crops to improve cover crop establishment after late harvested crops such as sweet corn and processing squash. In Project 1 at the OSU Vegetable Research Farm, a cover crop of oat and crimson clover produced the most cover crop biomass when interseeded at V4 compared to V6 and V8 plantings but may have reduced corn yield slightly because of competition for water or nutrients. Applying Laudis herbicide immediately after interseeding of the cover crop had no impact on cover crop establishment, even when seeds were broadcast on the soil surface and incorporated lightly. Clover did not emerge well in interseeded plots, possibly because it was planted too deeply. Clover establishment was best when seed was broadcast on the soil surface and incorporated with shallow tillage. Cover crop biomass in mid-December averaged less in interseeded plots than in fall-planted plots because the oat cover crops began to senesce.

January 6, 2016

Prices paid for sweet corn are low relative to the cost of producing the crop, and every strategy possible must be used to maximize net return. Two strategies used to enhance profitability but that have received little research attention under Western Oregon conditions are the use of pop-up fertilizers and increased plant populations. Despite indications that popup fertilizers improve early-season growth, concrete evidence that these fertilizers ultimately enhance growth and yield are often lacking. Seeding density also can be increased to improve crop yield up to a point, but intraspecific competitive ability and the competitive stress tolerance of varieties currently produced in the Willamette Valley has not been demonstrated.

December 31, 2014

Prices paid for sweet corn are low relative to the cost of producing the crop, and every strategy possible must be used to maximize net return. Two strategies used to enhance profitability but that have received little research attention under Western Oregon conditions are the use of pop-up fertilizers and increased plant populations. Despite indications that popup fertilizers improve early-season growth, concrete evidence that these fertilizers ultimately enhance growth and yield are often lacking. Seeding density also can be increased to improve crop yield up to a point, but intraspecific competitive ability and the competitive stress tolerance of varieties currently produced in the Willamette Valley are poorly understood.

December 31, 2016

Oregon vegetable processors are in need of improvements to the cost of harvesting broccoli and cauliflower, along with improvements to the quality of the vegetables being processed. The objectiveof this research project is to develop autonomous, mechanical harvesting solutions for the broccoli and cauliflower producer. This work is complementary to Oregon State University development of a new broccoli hybrid developed specifically for automated mechanical harvest.

Onions for Dehydration

Allium cepa

Last revised February 12, 2010

Allium cepa

Last revised December 12, 2012

2011 Pacific Northwest Insect Management Handbook, Copyright 2011 Oregon State University. Edited by Craig S. Hollingsworth.
OSU Extension Series#INSECT

The information in this linked  handbook is revised annually by the Extension Services of Oregon State University, Washington State University, and the University of Idaho

Available online. To order the print publication, go to http://extension.oregonstate.edu/catalog/abstract.php?seriesno=INSECT
 

May 1, 1987

Fertilizer trials with overwintered onions at the North Willamette Station indicated a strong yield increase with application of lime, an increase with gypsum (calcium sulfate), and higher yields with ammonium sulfate rather than other N sources. The yield response to gypsum and ammonium sulfate indicated that when soil pH, N, P, and K are optimal, S may be the limiting element in onion production.

Diamondback Moth (DBM) causes damage to cole crops in two ways: larvae chew holes in the foliage, and pupae contaminate heads. This page provides DBM news and updates as well as basic information,scouting and monitoring techniques, and management options.
February 5, 2015
Kenagy Family Farm is located outside of Albany, Oregon and is farmed by Peter Kenagy, Tina Springer, and their children Alana and Darrel. The family grows processing sweet corn and snap beans for Norpac, a grower-owned vegetable processor, as well as a variety of seed crops. The Kenagy family’s farming goals are to operate an economically sustainable farm that provides a respectable living and satisfying lifestyle for the family and future generations, and protect and enhance diverse farm agro-ecosystem functions. Kenagy Farm is located in the floodplain of the Willamette River. Kenagy Farm habitats include croplands, riparian forests, wetlands, and sloughs. Kenagy Family Farm is certified by Food Alliance. This document describes the farm’s goals, crop and land management practices, and current condition.
February 29, 2016

Authors: Alex Stone and Jenny Wetzel, OSU Horticulture

According to 2014 numbers provided by the USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS), Oregon ranks 6th of all states in production of fresh market vegetables (ODA News)
December 1, 2012

Report to the Oregon Processed Vegetable Commission

Authors: Jim Myers and Brian Yorgey

Objective: Breed improved Bush Blue Lake green bean varieties with:

December 31, 2009

Report to the Oregon Processed Vegetable Commission

Jim Myers and Brian Yorgy

Objectives: Breed improved Bush Blue Lake green bean varieties with: a. White and gray mold resistance b. Improved plant architecture c. High economic yield d. Improved pod quality (including straightness, color, smoothness, texture, flavor and quality retention, and delayed seed size development) e. Tolerance to abiotic stresses. Improve seed quality of materials in the breeding program to provide greater resistance to mechanical injury and low germination.

January 12, 2011

Report to the Oregon Processed Vegetable Commission

Jim Myers and Brian Yorgey

Objective: Breed improved Bush Blue Lake green bean varieties with:
a. White and gray mold resistance
b. Improved plant architecture
c. High economic yield
d. Improved pod quality (including straightness, color, smoothness, texture, flavor and quality retention, and delayed seed size devel-opment)
e. Tolerance to abiotic stresses

December 31, 2006

Report to the Oregon Processed Vegetable Commission

Jim Myers

Objectives: 1. Breed Bush Blue Lake green bean varieties with high economic yield and improved plant architecture. 2. Improve pod characteristics including straightness, color, smoothness, texture, flavor and quality retention, and combine with delayed seed size development. 3. Incorporate white mold resistance and improve root rot tolerance. 4. Map genes for resistance to white mold to facilitate marker aided selection.

December 31, 2008

Report to the Oregon Processed Vegetable Commission

Jim Myers

Objective: Breed improved Bush Blue Lake green bean varieties with: a. White and gray mold resistance b. Improved plant architecture c. High economic yield d. Improved pod quality (including straightness, color, smoothness, texture, flavor and quality retention, and delayed seed size development)

December 24, 2014
Farmers in western Oregon can lose a significant portion of their winter squash in storage to storage rots. In winters 2012-2015 we collected samples of stored squash with rot symptoms from farmers in western Oregon and the OSU Plant Clinic identified the pathogens causing those rots. This article includes photos of the rot symptoms, descriptions of the diseases, and information on how to control storage rots.
January 28, 2014

White mold is a serious foliar and pod disease of snap beans grown for processing in western Oregon as well as in all major snap bean production regions in the US. White mold has a wide host range as it is a pathogen on more than 400 plant species.

January 6, 2012
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January 1, 2014

Research report to the Oregon Processed Vegetable Commission

Ed Peachey
OSU Dept. of Horticulture
 

January 1, 2014

Research report to the Oregon Processed Vegetable Commission

Guillermo Giannico and Dana Sanchez
OSU Dept. of Fisheries and Wildlife   

January 1, 2014

Research report to the Oregon Processed Vegetable Commission

Jeffrey Jenkins and Philip Janney   
OSU Environmental and Molecular Toxicology

January 1, 2014

Research report to the Oregon Processed Vegetable Commission

Cindy Ocamb  
OSU Dept. of Botany and Plant Pathology

January 1, 2014

Research report to the Oregon Processed Vegetable Commission

Cindy Ocamb  
OSU Dept. of Botany and Plant Pathology

January 1, 2014

Research report to the Oregon Processed Vegetable Commission

Dan Sullivan
OSU Dept. of Crop and Soil Science

Ed Peachey and Aaron Heinrich
OSU Dept. of Horticulture

A. Enhanced efficiency nitrogen fertilizers for sweet corn.